I don’t really think that it is fair to say Lutherans believe this or that. When discussing Lutherans, we have to remember there are a couple of issues. First the idea first proposed by Luther, that The only rule of life one is bound to is the Scripture, and that Each individual can interpret the Bible on his or her own, with no training, or understanding of the History or Context of the times, language, culture or direction. (From this we have thousands of Churches that all teach apposing doctrines. Secondly there is more than one Lutheran Church. Each teaches different doctrines, (If they all agreed there would be no need for the different groups which condemn one or the other teaching of the other Lutheran sects. Each takes or rejects those aspects of Luther’s writings, and interprets them according to what they think it means.