Yes, the Catholic Church did receive the sacraments from Jesus. We believe that they were all instituted by Christ in some form or another, but also he did not necessarily lay out a plan as to how they should be carried out. So, some of those things developed over time starting with the Apostles.
One thing I want to say is that it is going to be hard to write out in a post a detailed explanation of all the sacraments, but maybe I could point you in the direction of a few explanations and you could ask some more specfic questions. ” title=”Smile” />
If you go the list of articles on this website you will see almost all the sacraments are listed in their own category: http://www.aboutcatholics.com/viewpage.php
Feel free to read those and come back with something more specfic. ” title=”Smile” />