A short response would be the Catholic Encyclopedia article, (1914 Catholic Encyclopedia) http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04613a.htm
Another good read would be Msgr. Philip Hughes book A History of the Catholic Church. It is a three volume set, and can be found in most good libraries. There are other good histories of the Church. I’ll poke around and see if there are books I can find. There was also a good series, (150 vol) Encylopedia of Catholic Knowledge, which had a volume or two on Biblical Inspiration. my set is in a box in storage, So it may take a little time to find.