“You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain.” As written in the Ten Commandments, there is huge importance on the way we should use God’s name. Crying out the name of Jesus Christ as profanity when one is mad seems to be a popular expression; however, it is a problem if this is the only time we call upon our Lord.
The Significance of Names
What does it mean to take the Lord’s name in vain? Simply put, it means calling out Jesus or God in a way that does not show reverence or respect.
In the Biblical tradition names have significance. Names were more than just a way for other people to identify you from others, but rather a name had meaning behind it that stood for a particular trait of that person or bestowed honor.
There are many instances in the Bible that show the importance of names. Often, parents in the Bible choose names for their children that have a special meaning in their language. Perhaps the most telling passages about the significance of names are the times when God changes the name of a person. The changes in name reflect the change in mission of a person.
- God changes the name of Abram (meaning father) to Abraham (meaning father of many nations) (Genesis 17:5). This happens when God establishes his covenant with Abraham and promises that this will be an everlasting covenant.
- At the same time, God changes Abraham’s wife’s name. Her original name, Sarai, is changed to Sarah (Genesis 17:15).
- In the New Testament, Jesus change’s Simon’s name to Peter (Matthew 16:17-18). The name Peter comes from the Greek word petros, which means “rock.” Jesus promises to build the Church on the Rock of St. Peter. This name is so important that sometimes Simon is referred to as Cephas, which reflects the Aramaic kepha. This name was never given to anyone before. Basically, the Church called Peter “Rock,” and that would have been just as unique as calling someone “Rock” today.
The Sacred Name of God
The name of God, best known to us as YHWH (sometimes seen written as Yahweh) was very sacred. Respecting someone meant not to use his name in a manner that was inappropriate of blasphemous.
The Jewish Tradition
The Jewish people respected the name of God so much that they never pronounced the name. When the name of God appeared in Scripture, Jews would read it as “Adonai,” meaning Lord, rather than pronouncing the holy name of God.
Orthodox Jews today have a similar respect for the name of God. To this day they will not pronounce the name of God. Often professors of Hebrew will not write the full name of God on quizzes. Instead, they will substitute other symbols for the middle letters of God’s name. One Hebrew professor told his students to study in all places, even bringing their textbooks into the bathroom. He immediately corrected himself, saying, “No, don’t bring your book into the bathroom! That book contains the holy name of God. It should never be taken into a bathroom!”
Respecting the Name of God Today
Even today that still holds true – God asks us not to refer to him in blasphemous ways. It is a sign of respect to our Lord to respect his name. As he loves us infinitely it is a simple gesture to watch our tongues and not use God’s name in a profane way. We are certainly allowed to say and write the name of Jesus. God has made himself present to us in the Incarnation, and that presence allows us an intimacy with God that was unheard of before. However, we still have a solemn obligation to treat the name of Jesus with respect, after all, we are to put God first in our lives, therefore we should also treat His name with respect.
How Not to Disrespect the Name of God
The simplest way to avoid disrespecting the name of God is to avoid using the words God or Jesus as curse words. If you are already in the habit of doing so, it may be a difficult habit to break. Still, it is possible to change our habits even if it takes time. In the meantime, the sacrament of Confession is always available for us to obtain forgiveness. That sacrament also gives us strength and grace to resist sin in the future.
There are also other things to avoid if we are to avoid disrespecting God’s name.
Swearing falsely by God is a form of blasphemy. If you call upon the name of God in an oath and you break the oath you make God out to be a liar (1 John 1:10). This applies whether you are stating a formal oath, like saying “so help me God” before testifying in court, or an informal oath, such as “I swear to God I didn’t cheat on the test.” The Bible says that when we swear falsely by the name of God, we profane his holy name (Leviticus 19:12).
Another misuse of God’s name is to do evil in the name of God. The Catechism states that it is a sin to use the name of Jesus to “cover-up criminal practices, to reduce people to servitude, to torture persons or put them to death” (CCC #2148). Doing things such as these will give a false impression of who our God really is and defeats our mission of spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ to all the ends of the earth. This is therefore doubly sinful: we profane the name of God and make his character more difficult to know, and we use our faith to justify the great crime of harming others.
How to Respect the Name of God
By now, it should be clear how we can respect the name of God. We first and foremost do this by always saying “God” or “Jesus” with respect. Furthermore, when we invoke the name of God, our behavior should reflect our love for Him, and one way to reflect our love for Him is through respecting His name.
We must not also forget that using God’s name with respect is written and seen in the second commandment. Therefore this is simply a basic rule that we must follow as Catholics, just like the importance of attending mass on Sundays. At the end of the day, we want to love God the best way we can, as He has been nothing but loving and good to us, His children.