Yes, as LARobert says, the golden calf was another god, not a representation of the true God.
The Hebrews were worshiping the golden calf as a replacement for God. This is wrong in itself, but to suggest that statues in Catholicism are somehow worshiped as God or a replacement for God is ridiculous.
The statues point to God, but are not God. People are not worshiping the material statue itself, but the very thing it represents – God.